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Belchip: A new potato variety combining high quality, pest resistance, and wide adaptation

Research paper by R. E. Webb, D. R. Wilson, J. R. Shumaker, B. Graves, M. R. Henninger, J. Watts

Indexed on: 01 Feb '80Published on: 01 Feb '80Published in: American Journal of Potato Research



Abstract

Belchip, a round white, widely adapted potato variety, especially useful for chips, was released by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Agricultural Experiment Stations of Florida, New Jersey, and Maine, and the Virginia Truck and Ornamental Research Station, Norfolk in 1978. Belchip is immune to viruses A and X and tuber net necrosis caused by the leaf roll virus; highly resistant to race O of late blight and tuber necrosis caused by high soil temperatures; and has not shown unusual susceptibility to other major potato diseases. Maturity is about 5 days later than Atlantic.Tubers of Belchip are flat round in shape with shallow eyes. Tubers may be irregular in conformation under nitrogen deficiency and water stress. Total solids content ranges from 18 percent in Florida to 23 percent in Maine. Chips made from Belchip were lighter in color than those processed from varieties currently grown along the Atlantic Seaboard. Belchip reconditions readily in 2–3 weeks from 4°C (39°F) storage.