Baseline HIV-1 RNA level and CD4 cell count predict time to loss of virologic response to nelfinavir, but not lopinavir/ritonavir, in antiretroviral therapy-naive patients.

Research paper by Martin S MS King, Barry M BM Bernstein, Sharon L SL Walmsley, Renslow R Sherer, Judith J Feinberg, Ian I Sanne, Paul P Cernohous, Julio S G JS Montaner, Scott C SC Brun, Eugene E Sun

Indexed on: 25 Jun '04Published on: 25 Jun '04Published in: The Journal of infectious diseases


Baseline CD4 cell counts and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 RNA levels have been shown to predict immunologic and virologic responses in HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy. In our randomized, double-blind, comparative trial, 653 antiretroviral therapy-naive patients received lopinavir/ritonavir or nelfinavir, plus stavudine and lamivudine, for up to 96 weeks. The risk of loss of virologic response was significantly higher for nelfinavir-treated patients than for lopinavir/ritonavir-treated patients (Cox model hazard ratio, 2.2; 95% confidence interval, 1.7-3.0; P<.001). For nelfinavir-treated patients, but not for lopinavir/ritonavir-treated patients, higher baseline HIV-1 RNA levels and lower baseline CD4 cell counts were associated with a higher risk of loss of virologic response.

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