Indexed on: 25 Jun '04Published on: 25 Jun '04Published in: The Journal of infectious diseases
Baseline CD4 cell counts and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 RNA levels have been shown to predict immunologic and virologic responses in HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy. In our randomized, double-blind, comparative trial, 653 antiretroviral therapy-naive patients received lopinavir/ritonavir or nelfinavir, plus stavudine and lamivudine, for up to 96 weeks. The risk of loss of virologic response was significantly higher for nelfinavir-treated patients than for lopinavir/ritonavir-treated patients (Cox model hazard ratio, 2.2; 95% confidence interval, 1.7-3.0; P<.001). For nelfinavir-treated patients, but not for lopinavir/ritonavir-treated patients, higher baseline HIV-1 RNA levels and lower baseline CD4 cell counts were associated with a higher risk of loss of virologic response.