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Ballistic Josephson junctions based on CVD graphene

Research paper by Tianyi Li, John Gallop, Ling Hao, Edward Romans

Indexed on: 17 Mar '17Published on: 17 Mar '17Published in: arXiv - Physics - Superconductivity



Abstract

Josephson junctions with graphene as the weak link between superconductors have been intensely studied in recent years, with respect to both fundamental physics and potential applications. However, most of the previous work was based on mechanically exfoliated graphene, which is not compatible with mass production. Here we present our research using graphene grown by chemical vapour deposition (CVD) as the weak link of Josephson junctions. We demonstrate that CVD-graphene-based Josephson junctions with Nb electrodes can work effectively without any thermal hysteresis from 1.5 K down to a base temperature of 320 mK, and they show an ideal Fraunhofer-like interference pattern in a perpendicular magnetic field. We also show that the critical current of the junction can be tuned by a gate voltage. Furthermore, for our shortest junctions (50 nm in length), we find that the normal state resistance oscillates with the gate voltage, indicating that the junctions are in the ballistic regime, a feature not previously observed in CVD-graphene-based Josephson junctions.