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Balanced complex rearrangement involving chromosomes 8, 9, and 12 in a normal mother, derivative chromosome 9 with recombinant chromosome 12 in her daughter with minor anomalies.

Research paper by M M Masuno, J J Asano, K K Yasuda, T T Kondo, T T Orii

Indexed on: 01 Jan '93Published on: 01 Jan '93Published in: American journal of medical genetics



Abstract

We report on a 19-month-old girl with a derivative chromosome 9 and a recombinant chromosome 12 resulting from a maternal balanced complex rearrangement involving chromosomes 8, 9, and 12. The karyotype of the phenotypically normal mother was 46,XX,t(8;12) (9;12) (8qter-->8p23::12q12-->12q 15::9q32-->9qter;9pter-->9q32::12q15--> 12qter; 12pter-->12q12::8p23-->8pter). The child's karyotype was 46,XX,-9,-12, +der(9) (9pter-->9q32::12q15-->12qter), +rec(12) (12pter-->12q15::9q32-->9qter) mat. The child had severe growth retardation, minor anomalies including trigonocephaly, hypertelorism, broad nasal root, apparently low-set and posteriorly angulated ears, triangular face, pectus carinatum, clinodactyly of fifth fingers, and almost normal psychomotor development. To the best of our knowledge, there have been only 3 previous reports of recombination derived from parental complex chromosome rearrangements. In the recombination products, the chromosomes were apparently balanced and the offspring had no clinical abnormalities. The present case exhibited abnormalities and may have a submicroscopic aberration of 12q arising from crossing over during maternal meiotic pairing, although her chromosomes appeared to be balanced.