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BAD Ser128 is not phosphorylated by c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase for promoting apoptosis.

Research paper by Jiyan J Zhang, Jing J Liu, Chenfei C Yu, Anning A Lin

Indexed on: 17 Sep '05Published on: 17 Sep '05Published in: Cancer research



Abstract

The phosphorylation and regulation of the proapoptotic Bcl-2 family protein BAD by c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) is controversial. JNK can suppress interleukin-3 withdrawal-induced apoptosis via phosphorylation of BAD at Thr201. However, it has also been reported that JNK promotes apoptosis through phosphorylation of BAD at Ser128. Here, we report that JNK is not a BAD Ser128 kinase. JNK phosphorylates murine BAD (mBAD), but not human BAD (hBAD), in which Ser91 is equivalent to Ser128 in mBAD. In contrast, Cdc2, which phosphorylates Ser128, phosphorylates both mBAD and hBAD. Replacement of Ser128 by alanine has no effects on BAD phosphorylation by JNK in vitro and in vivo. Two-dimensional phosphopeptide mapping in combination with phosphoamino acid analysis reveals that JNK does not phosphorylate BAD at Ser128. Elimination of Ser128 phosphorylation has no effects on the proapoptotic activity of BAD in apoptosis induced by UV via JNK or growth factor withdrawal. Thus, our results show that Ser128 is not phosphorylated by JNK for promoting cell death.