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β-(Trifluoromethyl)vinyl sulfonium salts: preparation and reactions with active methylene and methenyl compounds.

Research paper by Hao H Lin, Qilong Q Shen, Long L Lu

Indexed on: 30 Jul '11Published on: 30 Jul '11Published in: Journal of Organic Chemistry



Abstract

Two trifluoromethyl-substituted building blocks β-(trifluoromethyl)vinyl sulfonium salts 1 and 2 were developed. Reactions of β-(trifluoromethyl)vinyl sulfonium salt 1 with active methylene compounds containing electron-withdrawing groups using DBU as the base in DMSO occurred to give trifluoromethyl-substituted cyclopropane derivatives 7 as the major products. In contrast, reactions of β-(trifluoromethyl)vinyl sulfonium salt 2 with active methylene compounds occurred with the migration of one of the electron-withdrawing groups to give the products 8 as the major products when NaH was used as the base in DMSO. Moreover, when NaH was used as base in THF/CH(2)Cl(2) at -78 °C, reaction of β-(trifluoromethyl)vinyl sulfonium salt 1 gave trifluoromethyl-substituted 2,3-dihydrofuran derivatives 9 as the major products. A working mechanism was proposed to explain the different behaviors of the β-(trifluoromethyl)vinyl sulfonium salts 1 or 2 with active methylene compounds under these different conditions.