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Awakening the sleeping kidney in a dialysis-dependent patient with fibromuscular dysplasia: A case report and review of literature.

Research paper by Mogamat-Yazied MY Chothia, Mogamat Razeen MR Davids, Raisa R Bhikoo

Indexed on: 05 Dec '18Published on: 05 Dec '18Published in: World journal of nephrology



Abstract

Renal artery stenosis is a common cause of secondary hypertension and chronic kidney disease. We present here a case of fibromuscular dysplasia that was treated with surgical revascularization, resulting in recovery of kidney function with eventual cessation of chronic dialysis. The case involves a 25-year-old female with coincidentally discovered hypertension, who underwent further investigations revealing a diagnosis of renal artery stenosis due to fibromuscular dysplasia. She subsequently developed two episodes of malignant hypertension, with flash pulmonary oedema and worsening renal failure that resulted in dialysis dependence. After evidence was obtained that the right kidney was still viable, a revascularization procedure was performed, improving blood pressure control and restoring kidney function, thereby allowing dialysis to be stopped. This case highlights the importance of evaluating patients with renal artery stenosis for revascularization before committing them to a life of chronic dialysis.