Indexed on: 21 Aug '18Published on: 21 Aug '18Published in: Sheng wu yi xue gong cheng xue za zhi = Journal of biomedical engineering = Shengwu yixue gongchengxue zazhi
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia disease. Detection of atrial fibrillation based on electrocardiogram (ECG) is of great significance for clinical diagnosis. Due to the non-linearity and complexity of ECG signals, the procedure to manually diagnose the ECG signals takes a lot of time and is prone to errors. In order to overcome the above problems, a feature extraction method based on RR interval is proposed in this paper. The discrete degree of RR interval is described with the robust coefficient of variation (RCV), the distribution shape of RR interval is described with the skewness parameter (SKP), and the complexity of RR interval is described with the Lempel-Ziv complexity (LZC). Finally, the feature vectors of RCV, SKP, and LZC are input into the support vector machine (SVM) classifier model to achieve automatic classification and detection of atrial fibrillation. To verify the validity and practicability of the proposed method, the MIT-BIH atrial fibrillation database was used to verify the data. The final classification results show that the sensitivity is 95.81%, the specificity is 96.48%, the accuracy is 96.09%, and the specificity of 95.16% is achieved in the MIT-BIH normal sinus rhythm database. The experimental results show that the proposed method is an effective classification method for atrial fibrillation.