Indexed on: 01 Jun '99Published on: 01 Jun '99Published in: Chromosome Research
Kinetochores and microtubules were visualized simultaneously during spindle formation at the first meiotic division in microsporocytes of Lilium longiflorum (2n = 24) under a confocal laser-scanning microscope, after immunofluorescence staining with centromere-recognizing antiserum and tubulin-specific antibody. During early prometaphase I, each kinetochore of bivalent chromosomes appeared to be an amorphous flat structure upon its initial attachment to microtubules. It became compact and spherical with the development of the spindle. From late prometaphase I, when the bipolar spindle was nearly complete, each kinetochore resembled a double disk that was suggestive of a pair of sister kinetochores and the homologous kinetochores were oriented towards opposite poles. Thus, the bipolar spindle at metaphase I included 12 bivalent chromosomes with a total of four kinetochores each. At anaphase I, the sister kinetochores moved to the same spindle pole as a paired unit. In microsporocytes arrested at prometaphase I by colchicine treatment, the sister kinetochores also came to be distinguishable. These results suggest that the change of kinetochore structure during meiosis I may be under chromosomal control but be somewhat associated with its attachment to spindle microtubules.