Asymptotic Density and Computably Enumerable Sets

Research paper by Rodney G. Downey, Carl G. Jockusch, Paul E. Schupp

Indexed on: 28 Jun '13Published on: 28 Jun '13Published in: Mathematics - Logic


We study connections between classical asymptotic density and c.e. sets. We prove that a c.e. Turing degree d is not low if and only if d contains a c.e. set A of density 1 which has no computable subsets of density 1, giving a natural characterization of non-low c.e. degrees. In contrast, we prove that every nonzero c.e. degree contains a set which is generically computable but not coarsely computable. There is a very close connection between the computational complexity of a set and the computational complexity of its density as a real number where we measure complexity of real numbers as the position of their left Dedekind cuts in the Arithmetic Hierarchy. We characterize the lower densities, upper densities and densities of both computable and computably enumerable sets. We also study "computable at density r" where r is an arbitrary real number in the unit interval. Finally, we study connections between density and classical smallness notions such as immunity and cohesiveness.