Associations between severity of motor function and nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson's disease: a post hoc analysis of the RECOVER Study.

Research paper by Todd J TJ Swick, Joseph H JH Friedman, K Ray KR Chaudhuri, Erwin E Surmann, Babak B Boroojerdi, Kimberly K Moran, Liesbet L Ghys, Claudia C Trenkwalder

Indexed on: 25 Jan '14Published on: 25 Jan '14Published in: European neurology


RECOVER (NCT00474058), a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and unsatisfactory early-morning motor symptom control, demonstrated significant improvements with rotigotine in early-morning motor function (Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale [UPDRS] III), and nocturnal sleep disturbances (modified Parkinson's Disease Sleep Scale [PDSS-2]), and improvements in nonmotor symptoms (NMS; Non-Motor Symptom Scale [NMSS]).Post hoc analyses investigated the correlation between motor symptom and NMS severity in PD by evaluating associations between UPDRS III and both NMSS and PDSS-2 scores. Categories were defined for UPDRS III, NMSS, and PDSS-2 total scores; analyses were conducted for the full analysis set (n = 267).There was a trend toward increasing PDSS-2 and NMSS total and domain scores with increasing UPDRS III category at baseline and end of maintenance (EoM). Pearson correlation coefficients between UPDRS III and both NMSS and PDSS-2 total and domain scores were r = 0.12-0.44 (r(2) = 0.01-0.19) at baseline, r = 0.05-0.38 (r(2) = 0.00-0.14) at EoM, and r = -0.02-0.36 (r(2) = 0.00-0.13) for change from baseline to EoM.There was only a small correlation between severity of early-morning motor symptoms and overall burden of NMS and nocturnal sleep disturbances in RECOVER, suggesting that motor symptoms and NMS originate, at least partly, from distinct pathophysiological pathways.

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