Indexed on: 07 Sep '14Published on: 07 Sep '14Published in: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Low levels of serum hCG during the first trimester is regarded as a predictor of miscarriage. This study was designed to examine whether variance in chorionic gonadotrophin β5 (Cgb5) gene confers risk to recurrent spontaneous abortions (RSA) in Chinese women.We recruited a total of 454 RSA subjects and 460 controls from our medical center between the years 2010 to 2013. rs7260002, which resides in the promoter region of Cgb5, was genotyped through direct sequencing.The carriers with the minor allele of rs7260002 had reduced risk of RSA (P = 0.018; P adjusted = 0.032; OR: 0.76; 95 % CI: 0.61-0.96). Genotype frequency was further analyzed under additive, recessive, and dominant models. Significant differences between the RSA subjects and controls were detected under additive and recessive models (P additive = 0.040; P recessive = 0.010).The current study identified a protective allele of the Cgb5 gene against RSA. Functional studies are required to elucidate the effect of the identified SNP on CGB expression and HCG hormone activity.