Indexed on: 23 Dec '08Published on: 23 Dec '08Published in: Biochimica et biophysica acta
Oat beta-glucosidase in plastid exists as a long fibrillar structure of AsGlu1 homomultimer (type I) and heteromultimer of AsGlu1 and AsGlu2 (type II). In spite of the high amino acid sequence homology of AsGlu1 and AsGlu2, AsGlu1 assembles into the fibrillar multimers but AsGlu2 forms a dimer when expressed in E. coli. A swapping analysis of AsGlu2 cDNA with AsGlu1 cDNA indicated that the C-terminal segment of AsGlu1 was critical for the fibrillar multimerization. A single substitution of glutamic acid-495 of AsGlu2 in the C-terminal region with lysine, an AsGlu1 counterpart amino acid for the glutamic acid-495, assembled the AsGlu2 into fibrillar homomultimers. The mutant AsGlu2 homomultimer was highly stable and had relatively faster electric mobility in native gel than the AsGlu1 homomultimer. Multimerization increased enzyme affinity to substrates.