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Arsenic toxicity on Ludwigia octovalvis in spiked sand.

Research paper by Harmin Sulistiyaning HS Titah, Siti Rozaimah Sheikh SR Abdullah, Idris I Mushrifah, Nurina N Anuar, Hassan H Basri, Muhammad M Mukhlisin

Indexed on: 19 Apr '13Published on: 19 Apr '13Published in: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology



Abstract

Wilting, especially of the leaves, was observed as an initial symptom of arsenate [As(V)] to Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) P. H. Raven. The plants tolerated As(V) levels of 39 mg kg⁻¹ for as long as 35 days of exposure. After 91 days, the maximum concentration of As uptake in the plant occurred at As(V) concentration of 65 mg kg⁻¹ while As concentration in the stems, roots and leaves were 6139.9 ± 829.5, 1284.5 ± 242.9 and 1126.1 ± 117.2 mg kg⁻¹, respectively. In conclusion, As(V) could cause toxic effects in L. octovalvis and the plants could uptake and accumulate As in plant tissues.