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Are ACom aneurysms truly ACom aneurysms? A pilot study.

Research paper by Helen H Wong, Jillian J Banfield, Nicole N Hughes, Jai Jai JJ Shiva Shankar

Indexed on: 23 Feb '19Published on: 23 Feb '19Published in: World Neurosurgery



Abstract

The term anterior communicating (ACom) aneurysm is often broadly used to classify any aneurysm formed on the A1-A2 junction, A1, A2, or ACom arteries. Aneurysm location has been associated with rupture risk so whether an aneurysm is truly formed on the Acom artery can critically affect treatment decisions. The aim of this study was to reclassify broadly termed ACom aneurysms into 4 subgroups (A1, A2, True ACom, and A1-A2 junction) based on their location. A retrospective, pilot study was conducted to identify all consecutive patients with ACom aneurysm managed over the past 4 years in a single center. Using computed tomography angiography (CTA), aneurysms were classified into one of the four subgroups. Additional information was collected on patient demographics, subarachnoid hemorrhages, projections of aneurysm dome, and aneurysm diameter. A total of 48 aneurysms with available CTA imaging were included in the final analysis. The reclassification of ACom aneurysms into subgroups resulted in 40 A1-A2 junction, six true ACom, two A2, and zero A1 aneurysms. A 100% versus 80% of true ACom and A1-A2 junction aneurysms ruptured, respectively. All elective coiling procedures were performed on unruptured A1-A2 junction aneurysms. We found only 13% of the aneurysms initially referred to as ACom to be true ACom aneurysms. A more nuanced approach to ACom aneurysm classification may better guide management strategies. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.