Indexed on: 01 Jun '92Published on: 01 Jun '92Published in: Inflammation
Uncovered fetal rabbit excisional wounds do not exhibit any classic signs of healing; wounds covered with an impermeable cover do contract, reepithelialize, and exhibit inflammation. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is elevated in amniotic fluid, acting as an immunosuppressant at the maternal-fetal interface. Full-thickness excisional wounds were made on 25-day gestational age rabbit fetuses. Half the wounds were covered with an impermeable cover. Tissue from covered, uncovered, and nonwounded fetuses was examined 72 h after wounding for arachidonic acid metabolites. Uncovered wounds had significantly (P≤0.05) elevated levels of PGE2, PGE2α, and 12-HETE versus covered wounds and control tissue. Covered wounds had significantly elevated levels of 15-HETE compared to uncovered and control tissue. The elevated PGE2 in uncovered wounds may act as a fetal immunosuppressant; covered wounds (lower PGE2) developed cellular inflammation. Further investigations of these interactions may permit modulation of adult inflammation.