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Aqueous silica suspensions and their applications in compositions based on inorganic binder

Imported: 23 Feb '17 | Published: 05 Aug '03

Evelyne Prat, Laurent Frouin

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

This invention relates to an aqueous suspension including a mixture of at least one aqueous suspension of precipitated silica and of at least one latex, in which the aqueous suspension of precipitated silica has a solids content of between 10 and 40% by weight, has a viscosity lower than 4×10

−2 Pa s at a shear of 50 s

−2 and, after centrifuging at 7500 revolutions per minute for 30 minutes, produces a supernatant containing more than 50% of the weight of the silica initially in suspension. This suspension can be employed in compositions based on an inorganic binder and in concrete compositions.

Claims

1. Concrete composition comprising an inorganic binder, granulates and a composition comprising an aqueous suspension which comprises a mixture of at least one aqueous suspension of precipitated silica and of at least one latex, wherein said aqueous suspension of precipitated silica has a solids content of between 10 and 40% by weight, has a viscosity lower than 4×10

−2 Pa s at a shear of 50 s

−1 and, after centrifuging at 7500 revolutions per minute for 30 minutes, produces a supernatant containing more than 50% of the weight of the silica initially in suspension, wherein said aqueous suspension is stable with regard to sedimentation for more than three months without stirring.

2. A method for the preparation of concrete or cement composition, said method comprising mixing an inorganic binder, granulates and a composition comprising an aqueous suspension which comprises a mixture of at least one aqueous suspension of precipitated silica and of at least one latex, wherein said aqueous suspension of precipitated silica has a solids content of between 10 and 40% by weight, has a viscosity lower than 4×10

−2 Pa s at a shear of 50 s

−1 and, after centrifuging at 7500 revolutions per minute for 30 minutes, produces a supernatant containing more than 50% of the weight of the silica initially in suspension, wherein said aqueous suspension is stable with regard to sedimentation for more than three months without stirring.

3. The method according to claim 2, wherein said aqueous suspension is an antisegregation agent in a cement composition.

4. The method according to claim 2, wherein said aqueous suspension reduces the permeability to gases and to liquids in the concrete or cement composition.

5. The method according to claim 2, wherein said aqueous suspension allows water retention in the concrete or cement composition.