Application of a cognitive-inspired algorithm for detecting communities in mobility networks

Research paper by Emanuele Massaro, Lorenzo Valerio, Andrea Guazzini, Andrea Passarella, Franco Bagnoli

Indexed on: 06 Aug '13Published on: 06 Aug '13Published in: Physics - Physics and Society


The emergence and the global adaptation of mobile devices has influenced human interactions at the individual, community, and social levels leading to the so called Cyber-Physical World (CPW) convergence scenario [1]. One of the most important features of CPW is the possibility of exploiting information about the structure of the social communities of users, revealed by joint movement patterns and frequency of physical co-location. Mobile devices of users that belong to the same social community are likely to "see" each other (and thus be able to communicate through ad-hoc networking techniques) more frequently and regularly than devices outside the community. In mobile opportunistic networks, this fact can be exploited, for example, to optimize networking operations such as forwarding and dissemination of messages. In this paper we present the application of a cognitive-inspired algorithm [2,3,4] for revealing the structure of these dynamic social networks (simulated by the HCMM model [5]) using information about physical encounters logged by the users' mobile devices. The main features of our algorithm are: (i) the capacity of detecting social communities induced by physical co-location of users through distributed algorithms; (ii) the capacity to detect users belonging to more communities (thus acting as bridges across them), and (iii) the capacity to detect the time evolution of communities.