Indexed on: 01 Jun '18Published on: 01 Jun '18Published in: Cardiovascular research
We previously found that miR-10b inhibits cholesterol efflux from thioglycollate-elicited mouse peritoneal macrophages through repressing ABCA1. Here, we deciphered the mechanism underlying macrophage miR-10b expression and the role of miR-10b in atherosclerosis. MiR-10b expression was increased in the arteries with advanced but not early atherosclerotic plaques of ApoE-/- mice. Free cholesterol-induced macrophage apoptotic cells (FC-AM) promoted miR-10b expression in mouse resident peritoneal macrophages (RPM) by up-regulation of Twist1/2 in a Mer receptor tyrosine kinase dependent manner. Surprisingly, antagomiR-10b de-repressed ABCA1 in RPM engulfing FC-AM but not in RPM alone or RPM-derived foam cells; systemic delivery of antagomiR-10b enhanced reverse cholesterol transport from RPM engulfing FC-AM but not from RPM or the foam cells in ApoE-/- mice. Mechanistically, RPM engulfing FC-AM possessed sufficient miR-10b functionally repressing ABCA1 expression, whereas RPM and foam cells had little miR-10b incompetently repressing ABCA1 expression. Notably, antagomiR-10b administration reduced advanced plaque size and also enhanced plaque stability in ApoE-/- mice, which were associated with increased plaque macrophage ABCA1 expression and reduced plaque apoptosis and inflammation. However, antagomiR-10b administration did not affect early atherosclerotic plaque formation in ApoE-/- mice. These data suggest that apoptotic cell induction of miR-10b in macrophages is important in advanced atherosclerosis progression.