Indexed on: 21 Jan '06Published on: 21 Jan '06Published in: European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery
A 66-year-old man underwent repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm and synchronous stenting of a thoracic aneurysm compressing his left main bronchus. This resulted in further bronchial compression which was also stented. An aorto-bronchial fistula resulting in severe haemoptysis occurred a few weeks later. This was successfully treated with repeat endovascular stenting and left pneumonectomy. Open repair should be the treatment of choice for thoracic aneurysms with bronchial compression.