Indexed on: 07 Nov '17Published on: 07 Nov '17Published in: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Tumor angiogenesis plays essential roles during lung cancer progression and metastasis. Therapeutic agent that targets both tumor cell and vascular endothelial cell may achieve additional anti-tumor efficacy. We demonstrate that bedaquiline, a FDA-approved antibiotic drug, effectively targets lung cancer cells and angiogenesis. Bedaquiline dose-dependently inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis of a panel of lung cancer cell lines regardless of subtypes and molecular heterogeneity. Bedaquiline also inhibits capillary network formation of human lung tumor associated-endothelial cell (HLT-EC) on Matrigel and its multiple functions, such as spreading, proliferation and apoptosis, even in the presence of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). We further demonstrate that bedaquiline acts on lung cancer cells and HLT-EC via inhibiting mitochondrial respiration and glycolysis, leading to ATP reduction and oxidative stress. Consistently, oxidative damage on DNA, protein and lipid were detected in cells exposed to bedaquiline. Importantly, the results obtained in in vitro cell culture are reproducible in in vivo xenograft lung cancer mouse model, confirming that bedaquiline suppresses lug tumor growth and angiogenesis, and increases oxidative stress. Our findings demonstrating that energy depletion is effectively against lung tumor cells and angiogenesis. Our work also provide pre-clinical evidence to repurpose antibiotic bedaquiline for lung cancer treatment.