Indexed on: 05 Jul '05Published on: 05 Jul '05Published in: Veterinary Parasitology
In the Balkan countries, where trichinellosis is a re-emerging zoonosis, it is of great importance to determine Trichinella infection prevalence among the major hosts, including horses. One method for monitoring prevalence is serological surveillance; however, the validity of serological methods in horses is not well understood. The dynamics of anti-Trichinella IgG production and circulating excretory/secretory (ES) antigens were investigated in three horses experimentally-infected with Trichinella spiralis. Horses were slaughtered at 32 week post infection (p.i.). Low worm burdens were found in all three animals. Anti-Trichinella IgG was detected up to 32 weeks p.i. by an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and by Western blot (Wb), but not by ELISA. The ELISA test detected antibodies for only a short period of time (up to 18 weeks p.i. using ES antigen or up to 20 weeks p.i. using tyvelose-BSA antigen). The presence of circulating muscle larvae ES antigen in sera of infected horses was observed by dot blot from the 4th week p.i. up to the 32nd week p.i.