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Anion-coordination-induced turn-on fluorescence of an oligourea-functionalized tetraphenylethene in a wide concentration range.

Research paper by Jie J Zhao, Dong D Yang, Yanxia Y Zhao, Xiao-Juan XJ Yang, Yao-Yu YY Wang, Biao B Wu

Indexed on: 20 May '14Published on: 20 May '14Published in: Angewandte Chemie International Edition



Abstract

A tetrakis(bisurea)-decorated tetraphenylethene (TPE) ligand (L(2)) was designed, which, upon coordination with phosphate ions, displays fluorescence "turn-on" over a wide concentration range, from dilute to concentrated solutions and to the solid state. The fluorescence enhancement can be attributed to the restriction of the intramolecular rotation of TPE by anion coordination. The crystal structure of the A4L2 (A=anion) complex of L(2) with monohydrogen phosphate provides direct evidence for the coordination mode of the anion. This "anion-coordination-induced emission" (ACIE) is another approach for fluorescence turn-on in addition to aggregation-induced emission (AIE).