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Angiotensin Receptor-Neprilysin Inhibition Attenuates Right Ventricular Remodeling in Pulmonary Hypertension.

Research paper by Danial D Sharifi Kia, Evan E Benza, Timothy N TN Bachman, Claire C Tushak, Kang K Kim, Marc A MA Simon

Indexed on: 20 Jun '20Published on: 20 Jun '20Published in: Journal of the American Heart Association Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease



Abstract

BackgroundPulmonary hypertension (PH) results in increased right ventricular (RV) afterload and ventricular remodeling. Sacubitril/valsartan (sac/val) is a dual acting drug, composed of the neprilysin inhibitor sacubitril and the angiotensin receptor blocker valsartan, that has shown promising outcomes in reducing the risk of death and hospitalization for chronic systolic left ventricular heart failure. In this study, we aimed to examine if angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibition using sac/val attenuates RV remodeling in PH.Methods and ResultsRV pressure overload was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats via banding the main pulmonary artery. Three different cohorts of controls, placebo-treated PH, and sac/val-treated PH were studied in a 21-day treatment window. Terminal invasive hemodynamic measurements, quantitative histological analysis, biaxial mechanical testing, and constitutive modeling were employed to conduct a multiscale analysis on the effects of sac/val on RV remodeling in PH. Sac/val treatment decreased RV maximum pressures (29% improvement, =0.002), improved RV contractile (30%, =0.012) and relaxation (29%, =0.043) functions, reduced RV afterload (35% improvement, =0.016), and prevented RV-pulmonary artery uncoupling. Furthermore, sac/val attenuated RV hypertrophy (16% improvement, =0.006) and prevented transmural reorientation of RV collagen and myofibers (=0.011). The combined natriuresis and vasodilation resulting from sac/val led to improved RV biomechanical properties and prevented increased myofiber stiffness in PH (61% improvement, =0.032).ConclusionsSac/val may prevent maladaptive RV remodeling in a pressure overload model via amelioration of RV pressure rise, hypertrophy, collagen, and myofiber reorientation as well as tissue stiffening both at the tissue and myofiber level.