Anatomy and ultrastructure of the reproductive systems ofAcarus siro (Acari: Acaridae)

Research paper by Wojciech Witaliński, Ewa Szlendak, Jan Boczek

Indexed on: 01 Nov '90Published on: 01 Nov '90Published in: Experimental and Applied Acarology


Anatomy and ultrastructure of the female and male reproductive system inAcarus siro L. were investigated by light and electron microscopy. The female system consists of paired ovaries of nutrimentary type in which oogonia and oocytes are connected by bridges with a large central cell. The oviducts empty into the uterus, which passes into preoviporal duct lined bycuticle, and opening as a longitudinal slit (oviporus). An elongated accessory gland composed of one type of secretory cell is located along each oviduct. The copulatory opening occurs at the posterior margin of the body and leads, via the inseminatory canal, to the receptaculum seminis, consisting of the basal and saccular part. Both inseminatory canal and basal part of receptaculum seminis are lined by cuticle, whereas the wall of the sac is formed by cells covered only by long, numerous microvilli. The basal part of the receptaculum seminis joins the ovaries via two lumenless transitory cones.The male reproductive system contains paired testes, in which spermatogonia tightly surround the central cell. The proximal part of the paired vasa deferentia serves as a sperm reservoir, while the distal one has a glandular character. An unpaired, cuticle-lined ejaculatory duct opens into the apex of the aedeagus. The single accessory gland is located asymmetrically at the level of, or slightly posterior to, coxae IV.The structure of the genital papillae, which are topographically related to the genital opening in both sexes, is also briefly described.