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ANATOMICAL GUIDED SEGMENTATION WITH NON-STATIONARY TISSUE CLASS DISTRIBUTIONS IN AN EXPECTATION-MAXIMIZATION FRAMEWORK.

Research paper by Kilian M KM Pohl, Sylvain S Bouix, Ron R Kikinis, W Eric L WEL Grimson

Indexed on: 01 Apr '04Published on: 01 Apr '04Published in: Proceedings / IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: from nano to macro. IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging



Abstract

High quality segmentation of brain MR images is a challenging task. To deal with this problem many automatic segmentation methods rely on atlas information of anatomical structures. We further investigate this line of research by introducing hierarchical representations of anatomical structures in an Expectation-Maximization framework. This new approach enables us to divide a complex segmentation scenario into less difficult sub-problems reducing the scenario's statistical complexity. We demonstrate the method's strength by segmenting a set of brain MR images into 31 different anatomical structures as well as comparing it to other methods.