Indexed on: 01 Sep '02Published on: 01 Sep '02Published in: Russian Journal of Genetics
The spectra of mutations and polymorphic loci of the gene of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) was studied in 60 cystic fibrosis (CF) families from Bashkortostan. Mutations delF508, 394delTT, CFTRdele2,3(21 kb), R334W, and S1196X (33.3, 3.3, 1.7, 0.8, and 0.8%, respectively) were identified. The frequencies of tandem tetranucleotide repeat (TTR) alleles were determined for locus IVS6a-GATT of intron 6 of the CFTR gene and two extragenic loci flanking the CFTR gene, D7S23and MET(probes CS.7 and MetH) in mutant and normal chromosomes. Allelic and haplotypic associations of these loci with the mutations found were estimated. An absolute linkage between the 6TTR allele of locus IVS6a-GATT and the delF508 mutation was ascertained. A considerable linkage disequilibrium between thedelF508mutation and the C2 allele of locus D7S23and between this mutation and the A1 allele of locus MET was found. Most of the other mutant chromosomes carried marker alleles 7TTR, C1, and A2. It was demonstrated that 67% of CF chromosomes carrying delF508 had haplotype 6–2–1 for loci IVS6a-GATT/D7S23/MET, respectively. The frequency distribution of haplotypes in CF chromosomes without delF508had a high variance and did not differ significantly from the distribution in normal chromosomes (χ2 = 9.415; p > 0.05)).