Indexed on: 20 Mar '18Published on: 20 Mar '18Published in: Gene
Multiple sclerosis is an immune-mediated inflammatory disease of central nervous system. MicroRNAs play important roles in autoimmune diseases such as MS. The aim was to evaluate the expression pattern of miR-34a, miR-199a, miR-30c and miR-19a in peripheral blood derived CD4+ T lymphocytes of both relapsing and remitting phases of MS. Blood samples from 40 RRMS patients (20 in relapsing and 20 in remitting phase) and 20 healthy volunteers were taken. CD4+ T cells were isolated. The expression level of miR-34a, miR-199a, miR-30c and miR-19a, and the percentage of Th17 and Treg cells were measured. Expression of master transcription factors of Th17 and Treg cells and several targets of these miRNAs were also evaluated. Data indicated an increased expression of miR-34a, miR-30c and miR-19a in relapsing phase and decreased expression of miR-199a in remitting phase. ROC curve data add other prestigious information of miR-34a, miR-199a, miR-30c and miR-19a by defining relapsing and remitting phase and also healthy cases with high specificity and sensitivity at a proposed optimum cut-off point. Collectively, we showed a correlation between the four miRNAs with different phases of MS and their possible involvement in differentiation pathways of Th17 cells, as the most important players in MS. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.