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Analysis of T cell receptor β and γ genes from peripheral blood, regional lymph node and tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte clones from melanoma patients

Research paper by Mark R. Albertini, Janice A. Nicklas, Bettejayne F. Chastenay, Timothy C. Hunter, Richard J. Albertini, Steven S. Clark, Jacquelyn A. Hank, Paul M. Sondel

Indexed on: 01 Sep '91Published on: 01 Sep '91Published in: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy



Abstract

A total of 199 T cell clones from two melanoma patients were derived from progenitor T cells from recurrent melanoma, regional lymph nodes (either involved or uninvolved with malignancy) and peripheral blood by inoculating single cells directly into the wells of microtiter plates before in vitro expansion. The surface marker phenotype of most clones was CD4+CD8−, although some were CD4−CD8+. Genomic DNA prepared from all clones was analyzed by Southern blot hybridization using T cell receptor (TCR) β and γ gene probes, seeking clones with identical TCR gene rearrangement patterns as direct evidence for in vivo progenitor T cell clonal amplification. ProbingHindIII-digested DNA with TCRβ and TCRγ probes revealed several clones with identical TCR gene rearrangement patterns. These clones had subsequent probing ofBamHI-digested DNA with TCRβ and TCRγ probes, which showed all but 2 clones to have distinct rearrangement patterns. These analyses provide clear molecular evidence for in vivo polyclonal CD4+ T cell populations in each of several separate immune compartments in these patients.