Analysis of microstructure and microhardness of Zr-2.5Nb processed by High-Pressure Torsion (HPT)

Research paper by Mychelle Vianna Pereira Companhoni, Jose Ricardo Gomes Matheus, Tatiana Lisboa Marcondes, Andre Luiz Pinto

Indexed on: 19 Apr '12Published on: 19 Apr '12Published in: Journal of Materials Science


Nanostructured materials have been widely studied due to the improvement of their mechanical properties comparing to those of coarse grain materials. The present work intended to analyze the microstructure and microhardness of Zr-2.5Nb processed by high-pressure torsion (HPT), one of the severe plastic deformation techniques. The deformations were carried out at room temperature using a pressure of 5 GPa and 5 anvil turns. Vickers indentation was used to evaluate the microhardness of the samples. Transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction were used to analyze the microstructure. The results showed a significant refinement from the initial microstructure achieving nanometric grain size around 50 nm and phase transformation α → ω + βI induced by shear. The Vickers microhardness values of the material submitted to HPT technique were significantly higher than those of non-deformed material. Also, HPT procedure resulted in a huge grain refinement of the material and in phase transformation.