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Analysis of circulating microRNA biomarkers for breast cancer detection: a meta-analysis.

Research paper by Lihua L Liu, Shan S Wang, Xiutang X Cao, Jianchao J Liu

Indexed on: 10 Sep '14Published on: 10 Sep '14Published in: Tumor Biology



Abstract

Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to be aberrantly expressed in patients with breast cancer (BC) and thus may serve as potential diagnostic biomarkers. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the potential diagnostic value of using circulating miRNAs for BC. The summary receiver operator characteristic (SROC) curve was used to assess the overall diagnostic performance of circulating miRNA. All analyses were performed using STATA 12.0 software. Thirty-one studies from 16 publications with a total of 1,668 BC patients and 1,111 healthy controls were included in this meta-analysis. Our results showed that the pooled sensitivity (SEN) for miRNAs assays was 0.77 (95 % CI 0.69-0.84), specificity (SPE) was 0.88 (95 % CI 0.79-0.93), positive likelihood ratio (PLR) was 4.2 (95 % CI 3.0-6.0), negative LR (NLR) was 0.29 (95 % CI 0.21-0.40), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) was 18 (95 % CI 10-32). The area under the SROC curve (AUC) was 0.89 (95 % CI 0.86-0.91). Subgroup analysis suggested that employing a combination of multiple miRNAs was better than using a single miRNA in SEN (0.88 vs. 0.69), SPE (0.88 vs. 0.89), PLR (6.3 vs. 3.3), NLR (0.14 vs. 0.41), DOR (48 vs. 10), and AUC (0.94 vs. 0.83). In conclusion, our meta-analysis suggested that the expression profiles of circulating miRNAs, especially using a combination of them, have potential to facilitate accurate breast tumor detection. However, there are still challenges that need to be addressed to establish these new biomarkers before they can be applied to routine clinical procedures.