An Implicit Discrete Unified Gas-Kinetic Scheme for Simulations of Steady Flow in All Flow Regimes

Research paper by Dongxin Pan, Chengwen Zhong, Congshan Zhuo

Indexed on: 06 Sep '17Published on: 06 Sep '17Published in: arXiv - Physics - Fluid Dynamics


This paper presents an implicit method for the discrete unified gas-kinetic scheme (DUGKS) to speed up the simulations of the steady flows in all flow regimes. The DUGKS is a multi-scale scheme finite volume method (FVM) for all flow regimes because of its ability in recovering the Navier-Stokes solution in the continuum regime and the free transport mechanism in rarefied flow, which couples particle transport and collision in the flux evaluation at cell interfaces. In this paper the predicted iterations are constructed to update the macroscopic variables and the gas distribution functions in discrete microscopic velocity space. The lower-upper symmetric Gauss-Seidel (LU-SGS) factorization is applied to solve the implicit equations. The fast convergence of implicit discrete unified gas-kinetic scheme (IDUGKS) can be achieved through the adoption of a numerical time step with large CFL number. Some numerical test cases, including the Couette flow, the lid-driven cavity flows under different Knudsen number and the hypersonic flow in transition flow regime around a circular cylinder, have been performed to validate this proposed IDUGKS. The computational efficiency of the IDUGKS to simulate the steady flows in all flow regimes can be improved by one or two orders of magnitude in comparison with the explicit DUGKS.