Indexed on: 23 Jul '04Published on: 23 Jul '04Published in: The Journal of chemical physics
We present a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation method for calculating the diffusion-influenced reaction rates in the limit of low reactant concentrations. To calculate the reaction rate coefficient, we use MD trajectories of a nonreactive equilibrium system that are initiated with a pair of reactant molecules in reactive configuration. Hence reaction systems involving complicated reactant molecules with geometrically restricted reactivities can be treated with comparable efficiency as the simple hard-sphere reaction system. Compared to the similar MD method proposed by Van Beijeren, Dong, and Bocquet [J. Chem. Phys. 114, 6265 (2001)], the present method has a couple of advantages. First, reactions involving more general sink functions can be treated. Second, more accurate results can be obtained when the reaction probability upon collision is less than unity. As an application, we investigate the effects of nondiffusive dynamics and hydrodynamic interaction of reactants on the reaction rate.