Indexed on: 30 Apr '13Published on: 30 Apr '13Published in: DNA Repair
Recombinases of the RecA family play vital roles in homologous recombination, a high-fidelity mechanism to repair DNA double-stranded breaks. These proteins catalyze strand invasion and exchange after forming dynamic nucleoprotein filaments on ssDNA. Increasing evidence suggests that stabilization of these dynamic filaments is a highly conserved function across diverse species. Here, we analyze the presynaptic filament formation and DNA binding characteristics of the Sulfolobus solfataricus recombinase SsoRadA in conjunction with the SsoRadA paralog SsoRal1. In addition to constraining SsoRadA ssDNA-dependent ATPase activity, the paralog also enhances SsoRadA ssDNA binding, effectively influencing activities necessary for presynaptic filament formation. These activities result in enhanced SsoRadA-mediated strand invasion in the presence of SsoRal1 and suggest a filament stabilization function for the SsoRal1 protein.