Indexed on: 02 Aug '18Published on: 02 Aug '18Published in: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
This study aimed to compare prosthetic alignment using three-dimensional (3D) measurements following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) performed using an accelerometer-based portable navigation system (KneeAlign2) versus the conventional technique. A total of 159 patients who had primary osteoarthritis of the knee with varus deformity underwent TKA. The KneeAlign2 system was used for distal femoral resection and tibial resection in 78 knees, and the conventional instrumentation (intramedullary for the femur and extramedullary for the tibia) was used in 81 knees. 3D computed tomography (CT) scans of the whole leg were taken after TKA. Femoral and tibial prosthetic alignments in the coronal, sagittal, and axial planes were measured using computer software. The operation time and estimated blood loss were calculated. Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) were evaluated using the contrast-enhanced multi-detector row CT at 1 week after TKA. In the femoral coronal plane, the mean and standard deviation of prosthetic alignment from neutral alignment were 1.2° [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.0°-1.4°) in the navigation group and 1.6° (95% CI 1.3°-2.0°) in the conventional group (p = 0.03). The femoral component outliers (> 3° away from the goal alignment) using the navigation system and the conventional technique were 3 and 15%, respectively, in the coronal plane (p < 0.01), and 15 and 43%, respectively, in the sagittal plane (p < 0.01). The outliers in tibial coronal and tibial sagittal planes were not statistically different between the two groups. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in operation time, blood loss, DVT, and PE. Using an accelerometer-based portable navigation system decreased the outliers of prosthetic alignment in femoral coronal and sagittal planes, and did not increase the complications such as operation time, blood loss, DVT, and PE. To our knowledge, this study is the first to investigate the usefulness of an accelerometer-based portable navigation system using the validated 3D measurement. III.