Amyloid fibril formation and other aggregate species formed by human serum albumin association.

Research paper by Pablo P Taboada, Silvia S Barbosa, Emilio E Castro, Víctor V Mosquera

Indexed on: 20 Oct '06Published on: 20 Oct '06Published in: Journal of Physical Chemistry B


Under in vitro solution conditions where the native state is destabilized, many proteins present an abnormal structure and metabolism associated with a strong tendency to self-aggregation into a polymeric amyloid fibril structure, suggesting that this ability is a generic feature of the polypeptide chains. Such structures play a key role in different pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer, Parkinson, or Creutzfeldt-Jakob. Here, we report the formation of amyloid fibrils in the plasma protein human serum albumin under different in vitro conditions monitored using a combination of spectrophotometric and microscopic techniques. Amyloid fibril formation, therefore, is also allowed in a protein with a high degree of structural complexity. We also infer from experimental data the existence of other protein aggregated species than fibrils, some of which seem to be formed by a structural rearrangement of the proper fibrils.