Amniotic membrane covering for facial nerve repair.

Research paper by Murat M Karaman, Arzu A Tuncel, Shahrouz S Sheidaei, Mehmet Güney MG Senol, Murat Hakan MH Karabulut, Ildem I Deveci, Nihan N Karaman

Indexed on: 15 Apr '13Published on: 15 Apr '13Published in: Neural regeneration research


Amniotic membranes have been widely used in ophthalmology and skin injury repair because of their anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we measured therapeutic efficacy and determined if amniotic membranes could be used for facial nerve repair. The facial nerves of eight rats were dissected and end-to-end anastomosis was performed. Amniotic membranes were covered on the anastomosis sites in four rats. Electromyography results showed that, at the end of the 3(rd) and 8(th) weeks after amniotic membrane covering, the latency values of the facial nerves covered by amniotic membranes were significantly shortened and the amplitude values were significantly increased. Compared with simple facial nerve anastomosis, after histopathological examination, facial nerve anastomosed with amniotic membrane showed better continuity, milder inflammatory reactions, and more satisfactory nerve conduction. These findings suggest that amniotic membrane covering has great potential in facial nerve repair.