Indexed on: 10 Jun '20Published on: 10 Jun '20Published in: Annals of Intensive Care
Aminoglycosides have a concentration-dependent therapeutic effect when peak serum concentration (C) reaches eight to tenfold the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC). With an amikacin MIC of 8 mg/L, the C should be 64-80 mg/L. This objective is based on clinical breakpoints and not on measured MIC. This study aimed to assess the proportion of patients achieving the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) target C/MIC ≥ 8 using the measured MIC in critically ill patients treated for documented Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) infections. Retrospective analysis from February 2016 to December 2017 of a prospective database conducted in 2 intensive care units (ICU). All patients with documented severe GNB infections treated with amikacin (single daily dose of 25 mg/kg of total body weight (TBW)) with both MIC and C measurements at first day of treatment (D1) were included. Results are expressed in n (%) or median [min-max]. 93 patients with 98 GNB-documented infections were included. The median C was 55.2 mg/L [12.2-165.7] and the median MIC was 2 mg/L [0.19-16]. C/MIC ratio ≥ 8 was achieved in 87 patients (88.8%) while a C ≥ 64 mg/L was achieved in only 38 patients (38.7%). Overall probability of PK/PD target attainment was 93%. No correlation was found between C/MIC ratio and clinical outcome at D8 and D28. According to PK/PD parameters observed in our study, single daily dose of amikacin 25 mg/kg of TBW appears to be sufficient in most critically ill patients treated for severe GNB infections.