Indexed on: 01 Jun '94Published on: 01 Jun '94Published in: Planta
The techniques of27Al- and31P-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy were used to investigate the interactions of aluminium with intracellular ligands within the mycelium of the ectomycorrhizal basidiomyceteLaccaria bicolor (Maire) Orton (S238). The vegetative mycelium was grown on medium containing 0.5 mM AlCl3 for 0.5 to 3 d. The27Al-NMR spectra showed that aluminium was rapidly taken up and accumulated into polyphosphate complexes in the vacuole. Comparison with Al-polyphosphate complexes obtained in vitro on model systems indicated that Al forms at least three mixed-solvation complexes with Pi and polyphosphates, that there is more than one complex present under any set of conditions, and that the equilibrium between these complexes shifts dramatically with Al concentration in the medium. The high phosphate concentrations in the growth medium favoured the accumulation of the Al-polyphosphate complexes. When mycelium containing Al-polyphosphate complexes was transferred to Al-free nutrient solution for 9 d, the Alpolyphosphate complexes were not remobilized. The sequestration of Al in the polyphosphate complexes could therefore make a significant contribution to the protection of mycorrhizal plants against aluminium toxicity.