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Altitude influences thermal ecology and thermal sensitivity of locomotor performance in a toad-headed lizard

Research paper by Qiong Wu, Wei Dang; Ying-Chao Hu; Hong-Liang Lu

Indexed on: 24 Nov '17Published on: 15 Nov '17Published in: Journal of Thermal Biology



Abstract

Publication date: Available online 13 November 2017 Source:Journal of Thermal Biology Author(s): Qiong Wu, Wei Dang, Ying-Chao Hu, Hong-Liang Lu Population differentiation in ectotherm physiological performance may be driven by adapting to different thermal environments. In this study, we measured locomotor performance in two different altitude populations of the Qinghai toad-headed lizards (Phrynocephalus vlangalii) at different test temperatures to assess between-population differences in thermal sensitivity of sprint speed. Low-elevation lizards ran faster than high-elevation lizards at most test temperatures. Sprint speed varied with test temperature similarly between populations, but the thermal sensitivity (performance breadth) differed significantly. Low-elevation lizards had a lower optimal temperature (T opt) for sprint speed and narrower performance breadth than high-elevation lizards as inferred from the thermal performance curves constructed for each individual. We also measured the body temperature of active lizards (T b) in the field and selected temperature (T sel) in the laboratory. Low-elevation lizards had a lower T sel, and less variable T b than high-elevation lizards. In both populations, T sel was lower than T opt for sprint speed, which was inconsistent with the prediction for a match between thermal preference and T opt. Our results suggest that lower thermal sensitivity and weaker locomotor ability for high-elevation lizards may be an adaptive response to the local environmental conditions (e.g., greater thermal variability, higher food availability, and lower predator pressure).