Altererythrobacter namhicola sp. nov. and Altererythrobacter aestuarii sp. nov., isolated from seawater.

Research paper by Seong Chan SC Park, Keun Sik KS Baik, Han Na HN Choe, Chae Hong CH Lim, Ho Jun HJ Kim, Jong-Ok JO Ka, Chi Nam CN Seong

Indexed on: 27 Apr '10Published on: 27 Apr '10Published in: International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology


Two non-motile, orange- or yellow-pigmented bacteria, designated strains KYW48(T) and KYW147(T), were isolated from seawater collected from the South Sea, Republic of Korea. Cells of both strains were Gram-reaction-negative, aerobic and catalase- and oxidase-positive. The major fatty acids of strain KYW48(T) were C(18 : 1)ω7c (35.3 %), summed feature 3 (iso-C(15 : 0) 2-OH and/or C(16 : 1)ω7c) (22.7 %), C(17 : 1)ω6c (19.8 %), C(14 : 0) 2-OH (7.4 %) and C(16 : 0) (5.9 %), and those of strain KYW147(T) were C(18 : 1)ω7c (36.0 %), summed feature 3 (18.3 %), C(16 : 0) (14.7 %), 11-methyl C(18 : 1)ω7c (10.7 %), C(16 : 0) 2-OH (9.1 %) and C(18 : 1)ω9c (8.0 %). The predominant isoprenoid quinone of both strains was ubiquinone 10 (Q-10). The DNA G+C contents of strains KYW48(T) and KYW147(T) were 63.8 and 67.2 mol%, respectively. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains KYW48(T) and KYW147(T) were grouped with the members of the family Erythrobacteraceae and formed a distinct clade with the members of the genus Altererythrobacter (<95.7 % sequence similarity). On the basis of the evidence presented in this study, the novel species Altererythrobacter namhicola sp. nov. (type strain KYW48(T)  = KCTC 22736(T)  = JCM 16345(T)) and Altererythrobacter aestuarii sp. nov. (type strain KYW147(T)  = KCTC 22735(T)  = JCM 16339(T)) are proposed.