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Affine Schubert calculus and double coinvariants

Research paper by Erik Carlsson, Alexei Oblomkov

Indexed on: 26 Jan '18Published on: 26 Jan '18Published in: arXiv - Mathematics - Combinatorics



Abstract

We first define an action of the double coinvariant algebra $DR_n$ on the homology of the affine flag variety $\widetilde{Fl}_n$ in type $A$, and use affine Schubert calculus to prove that it preserves the image of the homology of the rational $(n,m)$-affine Springer fiber $H_*(\tilde{S}_{n,m})\subset H_*(\widetilde{Fl}_n)$ under the pushforward of the inclusion map. In our main result, we define a filtration by $\mathbb{Q}[\mathbf{x}]$-submodules of $DR_n\cong H_*(\tilde{S}_{n,n+1})$ indexed by compositions, whose leading terms are the Garsia-Stanton "descent monomials" in the $y$-variables. We find an explicit presentation of the subquotients as submodules of the single-variable coinvariant algebra $R_n(x)\cong H_*(Fl_n)$, by identifying the leading torus fixed points with a subset $\mathcal{H}\subset S_n$ of the torus fixed points of the regular nilpotent Hessenberg variety, and comparing them to a cell decomposition of $\tilde{S}_{n,n+1}$ due to Goresky, Kottwitz, and MacPherson. We also discover an explicit monomial basis of $DR_n$, and in particular an independent proof of the Haglund-Loehr formula.