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Adsorption of uranium(VI) onto Ulva sp.-sepiolite composite

Research paper by R. Donat, K. Esen, H. Cetisli, S. Aytas

Indexed on: 21 Jul '08Published on: 21 Jul '08Published in: Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry



Abstract

Ulva sp. and sepiolite were used to prepare composite adsorbent. The adsorption of uranium(VI) from aqueous solutions onto Ulva sp.-sepiolite has been studied by using a batch adsorber. The parameters that affect the uranium(VI) adsorption, such as solution pH, initial uranium(VI) concentration, and temperature, have been investigated and the optimum conditions determined. The adsorption patterns of uranium on the composite adsorbent followed the Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) isotherms. The Freundlich, Langmuir, and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) models have been applied and the data correlate well with Freundlich model. The sorption is physical in nature (sorption energy, E = 4.01 kJ/mol). The thermodynamic parameters such as variation of enthalpy ΔH, variation of entropy ΔS and variation of Gibbs free energy ΔG were calculated from the slope and intercept of lnKd vs. 1/T plots. Thermodynamic parameters (ΔHads = −22.17 kJ/mol, ΔSads = −17.47 J/mol·K, ΔGoads (298.15 K) = −16.96 kJ/mol) show the exothermic heat of adsorption and the feasibility of the process. The results suggested that the Ulva sp-sepiolite composite adsorbent is suitable as a sorbent material for recovery and biosorption/adsorption of uranium ions from aqueous solutions.