Indexed on: 20 Dec '18Published on: 20 Dec '18Published in: Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Aluminum-based drinking water treatment residuals (DWTR) were encapsulated by alginate to develop a pelletized media (DWTR-CA beads) for phosphorus (P) adsorption. The beads were successfully manufactured to uniform size and shape requirements. The effects of DWTR powder concentration and particle size, and bead mean size on P adsorption, were investigated. The DWTR was found to be an important component in the beads for P adsorption, while the calcium alginate shell contributed little for P adsorption. The maximum P adsorption capacity of the DWTR-CA bead was 19.42 mg P/g wet beads, corresponding to a bead diameter of 3.1 ± 0.2 mm and DWTR concentration of 2% (1% weight/volume (W/V)), mg/mL). The adsorption data fit well with the intra-particle diffusion model and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model, while both the Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms described the adsorption process well. Furthermore, the study on the effect of pH on P adsorption showed that acidic conditions resulted in a better P adsorption and the DWTR-CA beads have the function of pH neutralization. The findings of this study show that the DWTR-CA beads are a promising adsorbent/substrate for P removal.