Indexed on: 17 Jul '98Published on: 17 Jul '98Published in: Experimental Cell Research
Human CD34+ bone marrow cells were committed to the megakaryocytic lineage in serum-free liquid cultures by the following cytokines: thrombopoietin, erythropoietin, and IL-6. Megakaryocyte maturation has been described as being regulated by the extracellular matrix. These cells express receptors for laminin, collagen, and vitronectin, but they selectively adhere to and spread on fibronectin, a major component of the bone marrow environment. Function-perturbing antibodies against beta 1 integrins totally abolished the adhesion of megakaryocytes on fibronectin, whereas antibodies to beta 3 did not, suggesting that beta 1 integrins were responsible for the adhesive phenotype of these polyploid cells. beta 1-positive clusters were visualized in close contact with the extremities of stress fibers at the cell surface. In the course of cell spreading, we observed morphological modifications such as the disorganization of the compact nuclei structure and the appearance of holes in the cytoplasm leading to the release of alpha IIb beta 3-positive cellular fragments. This process appeared to be a specific feature of megakaryocytes and is correlated neither to apoptosis nor to integrin signaling.