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Acute pancreatitis connected with hypercalcemia crisis in hyperparathyroidism: A case report.

Research paper by Yi-Bo YB Ma, Jun J Hu, Yun-Fei YF Duan

Indexed on: 28 Nov '20Published on: 19 Sep '19Published in: World journal of clinical cases



Abstract

The association between primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and acute pancreatitis is rarely reported. Here we describe the process of acute pancreatitis-mediated PHPT induced by hypercalcemia in a male patient. Hypercalcemia induced by undiagnosed PHPT may be the causative factor in recurrent acute pancreatitis. We report a case of hypercalcemia-induced acute pancreatitis caused by a functioning parathyroid adenoma in a 57-year-old man. The patient initially experienced a series of continuous gastrointestinal symptoms including abdominal distension, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, electrolyte disturbance, renal dysfunction, and acute pancreatitis. Due to prolonged hypercalcemia, the patient subsequently underwent surgical resection of the parathyroid adenoma. Two weeks after surgery, his serum calcium, amylase, and lipase concentrations were normal. The patient had a good recovery after a series of other relevant therapies. Acute pancreatitis as the first presentation is a rare clinical symptom caused by PHPT-induced hypercalcemia.