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Acute electrocardiographic differences between Takotsubo cardiomyopathy and anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction.

Research paper by Giacomo G Mugnai, Giulia G Pasqualin, Giovanni G Benfari, Livio L Bertagnolli, Francesca F Mugnai, Francesca F Vassanelli, Giuseppe G Marchese, Gabriele G Pesarini, Giuliana G Menegatti

Indexed on: 04 Dec '14Published on: 04 Dec '14Published in: Journal of Electrocardiology



Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare ECG findings between anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) in a similar sample of postmenopausal women.Between 2008 and 2011, 27 patients with TC were retrospectively enrolled and matched with 27 STEMI patients with the same age and sex taken from the prospective database of our laboratory.The absence of abnormal Q waves, the ST depression in aVR and the lack of ST elevation in V1 were significantly associated with TC (respectively: 52% vs 18%, p=0.01; 47% vs 11%, p=0.01; 80% vs 41%, p=0.01). The combination of these ECG findings identified TC with a specificity of 95% and a positive predictive value of 85.7%.The ECG on admission may be useful to distinguish TC from anterior STEMI. The combination of three ECG findings identifies patients with TC with high specificity and positive predictive value.

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