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Activation of EGFR-PI3K-AKT signaling is required for Mycoplasma hyorhinis-promoted gastric cancer cell migration.

Research paper by Hongying H Duan, Like L Qu, Chengchao C Shou

Indexed on: 17 Dec '14Published on: 17 Dec '14Published in: Cancer Cell International



Abstract

Persistent infection of Mycoplasma hyorhinis (M. hyorhinis) was associated with gastric cancer cell migration and invasion, but the mechanisms were not well understood. Herein, we found that M. hyorhinis activated phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-AKT signaling axis in gastric cancer cell lines. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was upstream of PI3K-AKT signaling in the context of M. hyorhinis infection, because phosphorylation of AKT Serine 473 was almost completely attenuated by the EGFR inhibitor AG1478 or by EGFR knockdown. Phosphorylation of AKT S473 induced by M. hyorhinis infection was also abolished by PI3K inhibitor wortmannin. Furthermore, we found that p37, a membrane protein of M. hyorhinis, could also promote M. hyorhinis-induced PI3K-AKT signaling activation and cell migration. In addition, pre-treatment with AG1478 or wortmannin significantly inhibited cell migration induced by M. hyorhinis infection or p37 treatment. In conclusion, EGFR-PI3K-AKT signaling plays an important role in M. hyorhinis-promoted cell migration in gastric cancer cells, thus providing a clue to the pathogenesis of M. hyorhinis in gastric cancer.