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Absence of pathological scarring in the donor site of the scalp in burns: an analysis of 295 cases.

Research paper by Jayme Adriano JA Farina, Frederico A S FA Freitas, Luis F LF Ungarelli, Janine M JM Rodrigues, Lidia A LA Rossi

Indexed on: 23 Feb '10Published on: 23 Feb '10Published in: Burns



Abstract

This study aims to describe the incidence of complications on scalp from which a thin split-skin graft was harvested (0.005-0.007 in.) of the donor site in children and adult burn victims.We reviewed the medical records of 295 burn patients admitted in the Burn Unit of the Clinical Hospital of the Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, from January 1998 to December 2007, whose scalps were used as donor site for grafts. Skin-graft thickness varied from 0.005 in. to 0.007 in. The occurrence of pathological healing was evaluated clinically and the time of epithelisation by the main surgeon and a plastic surgeon or a staff nurse.Of the 295 patients whose scalps were used as donor site, 274 were followed from 6 months to 10 years after the procedure (median 18.2 months). Twenty-one patients were lost to follow-up in the first 6 months. No hypertrophic scarring or keloids on the donor site was observed. Five patients (1.82%) presented with folliculitis and two of them were evaluated with small areas of alopecia (0.7%), treated with resection of these areas and primary suture. The average time of epithelisation of the donor site was 7 days.The harvest of thinner split graft from the scalp is a safe procedure.