Indexed on: 14 Mar '05Published on: 14 Mar '05Published in: Mathematical Physics
In this paper we develop the topics of Quantum Recurrences and of Quantum Fidelity which have attracted great interest in recent years. The return probability is given by the square modulus of the overlap between a given initial wavepacket and the corresponding evolved one; quantum recurrences in time can be observed if this overlap is unity. We provide some conditions under which this is semiclassically achieved taking as initial wavepacket a coherent state located on a closed orbit of the corresponding classical motion. The "quantum fidelity" (or Loschmidt Echo) is the square modulus of the overlap of an evoloved quantum state with the same evoloved by a slightly perturbed Hamiltonian. Its decrease in time measures the sensitivity of Quantum Evolution with respect to small perturbations. It is believed to have significantly different behavior in time when the underlying classical motion is chaotic or regular. Starting with suitable initial quantum states, we develop a semiclassical estimate of this quantum fidelity in the Linear Response framework (appropriate for the small perturbation regime), assuming some ergodicity conditions on the corresponding classical motion.